Efficacy Of Aloe Vera Powder in Bioremediation of Heavy Metals from Waste Water

Aloe Vera Powder in Bioremediation of Heavy Metals

Authors

  • Maleeha Shamsher Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Sector C Phase 6 DHA, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Afifa Tajammal Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Sector C Phase 6 DHA, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Aisha Waheed Qurashi Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Sector C Phase 6 DHA, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Uzma Rafi Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Sector C Phase 6 DHA, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54393/mjz.v3i1.37

Keywords:

Alovera leafs, wastewater, metal ions (zinc, sodium)

Abstract

Water is important component of life but on earth, major part of water is wasted without human consumption. The resulting scarce water conditions along with continuous pollution of existing fresh water bodies are the serious challenges in current times. Addition of Heavy metals in water results in water toxicity and pollution. The presence of heavy metals in wastewater causes toxic effects on living organisms. The removal of metals from waste water can be removed by the process of bio sorption that results in the metals absorption on the biological surfaces. Objective: Keeping in consideration, present study was aimed for the removal of heavy metals from wastewater by using aloe vera leaf powder as adsorbent. Methods: Adsorption experiments of different metals in waste water were done using different percentages of Aloe Vera powder and results were recorded in terms of change in pH of solutions. Results: Alovera present at low percentages in mixture showed less adsorption. Similarly, adsorption was found to be higher with higher alovera percentage showing decrease in pH of the mixture. Atomic absorption spectrophotometric determination was done for metal Zn while analysis of Na was done using flame photometric technique for adsorption of metals in waste water. Results showed that 1.4 % alovera powder has used the metal absorbent efficiency was 9.495 %. However, with addition of 4 % alovera powder, percentage efficiency was increased to 10.237 % showing positive effect of alovera powder on metal extraction. Conclusion: By flame photometry of sodium result showed that extraction efficiency was 500 % using aloe vera powder. Aloe vera plant was proved to be an excellent biomaterial for accumulating metal ions from wastewater due to its outstanding uptake capacity.

References

Sun B, Ma B, Wang P, Luo J, Deng J, Gao C. High sensitive flexible hot-film sensor for measurement of unsteady boundary layer flow. Smart Materials and Structures. 2020 Feb; 29(3):035023.

Mann E K. U.S. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office 2014; 8661-160

Malik MY, Bilal S, Salahuddin T, Awais M, Hussain A. Homogeneous-heterogeneous reactions in Williamson fluid MHD squeezed flow of Carreau–Yasuda fluid model over a stretching cylinder by using Keller box method. AIP Advances. 2015; 5: 107227.doi.org/10.1063/1.4934937

Shi F, Shi M, Zeng Z, Qi RZ, Liu ZW, Zhang JY, Yang YP, Tien P, Wang FS. PD-1 and PD-L1 upregulation promotes CD8(+) T-cell apoptosis and postoperative recurrence in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. International journal of cancer, 2011 Feb; 128(4):887-96. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25397.

Esalah JO, Weber ME, Vera JH. Removal of lead, cadmium and zinc from aqueous solutions by precipitation with sodium Di‐(n‐octyl) phosphinate. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. 2000 Oct; 78(5):948-54.doi.org/10.1002/cjce.5450780512

Kumar D, Hiremath AM, Asolekar SR. Integrated management of wastewater through sewage fed aquaculture for resource recovery and reuse of treated effluent: a case study. Apcbee Procedia. 2014 Jan; 10: 74-8.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcbee.2014.10.019

Şahin O, Uzun O, Kölemen U, Uçar N. Mechanical characterization for β-Sn single crystals using nanoindentation tests. Materials Characterization. 2008 Apr; 59(4):427-34. doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2007.02.016

Martins V, Moreno T, Mendes L, Eleftheriadis K, Diapouli E, Alves CA, et al. Factors controlling air quality in different European subway systems. Environ Res. 2016 Apr; 146:35-46. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.12.007.

Santos CG. Strategies for the implementation and evaluation of an unplugged educational method with comics for teaching and learning associated with the development of computational thinking with elementary school students 2019.

Malik SR, Awan BA, Shafiq U, Mukhtar A. Investigation of the Agitation Effect on the Conversion of Saponification Reaction in a Batch Reactor at STP Conditions. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Engineering Research. 2015; 4:461-6.

Malik R, Lata S, Singhal S. Removal of heavy metal from wastewater by the use of modified aloe vera leaf powder. International Journal of Applied Chemistry.2015; 5(2):6-17.

Wang H S, Lee R S, Chen PH. U.S. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. 1999; 5977-626

Lahariya C, Agarwal L, de Graeve H, Bekedam H. Patient safety & universal health coverage in India. The Indian journal of medical research, 2019 Sep; 150(3):211-213. doi: 10.4103/ijmr.IJMR_1658_19.

Berger RD, Kasper EK, Baughman KL, Marban E, Calkins H, Tomaselli GF. Beat-to-beat QT interval variability: novel evidence for repolarization lability in ischemic and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Circulation. 1997 Sep; 96(5):1557-65. doi: 10.1161/01.cir.96.5.1557.

Xu M, Wu J, Chen L. Virulence, antimicrobial and heavy metal tolerance, and genetic diversity of Vibrio cholerae recovered from commonly consumed freshwater fish. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2019 Sep; 26(26):27338-27352. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-05287-8.

Ali M, Kan KA, Sarstedt M. Direct and configurational paths of absorptive capacity and organizational innovation to successful organizational performance. Journal of business research. 2016 Nov; 69(11): 5317-23. doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.04.131

Langmead L, Feakins RM, Goldthorpe S, Holt H, Tsironi E, De Silva A, et al. Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of oral aloe vera gel for active ulcerative colitis. Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2004 Apr; 19(7):739-47. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2004.01902. x.

Ünlü A, Nayir E, Ay H, Kirca Ö, Özdoğan M. Aloe Vera and Cancer. Turkish Journal of Oncology/Türk Onkoloji Dergisi. 2016 Jun; 31(2). doi.org/10.5505/tjo.2016.1433

Gangadhara RT, Gupta Y. Understanding the radio emission geometry of PSR B0329+ 54. The Astrophysical Journal. 2001 Jul; 555(1): 31.doi.org/10.1086/321439

Pinzon MI, Garcia OR, Villa CC. The influence of Aloe vera gel incorporation on the physicochemical and mechanical properties of banana starch-chitosan edible films. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2018 Aug; 98(11):4042-4049. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.8915.

Ahmed J, Mulla MZ, Arfat YA. Thermo-mechanical, structural characterization and antibacterial performance of solvent casted polylactide/cinnamon oil composite films. Food Control. 2016 Nov; 69: 196-204.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodcont.2016.05.013

Downloads

Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

Shamsher, M. ., Tajammal, A., Qurashi, A. W. ., & Rafi, U. . (2022). Efficacy Of Aloe Vera Powder in Bioremediation of Heavy Metals from Waste Water: Aloe Vera Powder in Bioremediation of Heavy Metals. MARKHOR (The Journal of Zoology), 3(1), 13–18. https://doi.org/10.54393/mjz.v3i1.37

Issue

Section

Original Article