Effects of Chlorpyrifos on proximal characteristics of Labeo rohita fish in acute and chronic exposure

Effects of Chlorpyrifos on proximal characteristics of Labeo rohita

Authors

  • Adeeba Syed Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Phase-VI, DHA, Lahore Pakistan
  • Sumaira Mazhar Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Phase-VI, DHA, Lahore Pakistan
  • Uzma Rafi Department of Biology, Lahore Garrison University, Phase-VI, DHA, Lahore Pakistan
  • Dilawar Hussain Department of Zoology, Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54393/mjz.v1i1.3

Abstract

Chemical burden has been increased on agricultural land throughout the world due industrialization Objective: To observe the proximal characteristics of a very famous fresh water fish commonly called as rohu(Labeorohita) with acute and chronic exposure of pesticide,Chlorpyrifos (CPF).Method:To check acute exposure, concentrations of CPF used include, 0, 0.005, 0.006, 0.007, 0.008, 0.009, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04 and 0.05 mg/L for 96 hrs in glass aquaria. For Labeorohita, 96 hrs LC50 value of CPF was found 0.01 mg/L. To study chronic exposure on Labeorohita, 1/3rd, 1/5th, 1/7th and 1/9th of LC50 for 30 days concentrations were used. At the end of the experiment, samples were collected for proximal analysis. The parameters included moisture, ash, lipids and protein Results:The exposure of CPF reduced the protein content. Moreover, there was reduction in ash and moisture contents. Conclusions: It is therefore concluded that CPF adversely affects the major organs of the fish Labeorohita

References

Polyxeni NS, Maipas S, Kotampasi C, Stamatis P & Hens L. Chemical Pesticides and Human Health: The Urgent Need for a New Concept in Agriculture. Front. Public Health,2016, 4(3):148. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00148

Tripathi S & Srivastav AK. Branchial histopathological study of Catfish Heteropneustesfossilis following exposure to purified neem extract, Azadirachtin. World Journal of Zoology, 2010, 5(4): 239-243.

Kaushik P & Kaushik G. An assessment of structure and toxicity correlation in organochlorine pesticides. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2007,143(1-2): 102-111. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.08.073.

Bhatnagar A, Yadav AS & Cheema N. Genotoxic Effects of Chlorpyrifos in Freshwater Fish Cirrhinusmrigala Using Micronucleus Assay. Advances in biology.2016. 9276963, doi.org/10.1155/2016/9276963

Salazar-Lugo R, Mata C, Oliveros A, Rojas LM, Lemus M & Rojas-Villarroel E. Histopathological changes in gill, liver and kidney of neotropical fish Colossomamacropomum exposed to paraquat at different temperatures. Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 2011,31(3): 490-495. doi: 10.1016/j.etap.2011.02.002.

Polidoro BA, Morra MJ. An ecological risk assessment of pesticides and fish kills in the Sixaola watershed, Costa Rica. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 2016, 23, 5983–5991. doi: 10.1007/s11356-016-6144-0

McCarthy SG, Incardona JP, Scholz NL. Coastal storms, toxic runoff, and the sustainable conservation offish and fisheries. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp. 2008, 64: 7–27.

Uglem I, Karlsen O, Sanchez-Jerez P, Saether BS. Impacts of wild fishes attracted to open-cage salmonid farms in Norway. Aquacult. Env. Interac. 2014, 6:91–103.Binelli, doi: 10.3354/aei00112

Binelli A, Provini A. Risk for human health of some POPs due to fish from Lake Iseo. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2004 May;58(1):139-45. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2003.09.014.

Jaga K, Dharmani C. Sources of exposure to and public health implications of organophosphate pesticides. Rev PanamSalud Publica, 2003, 14:171–85. doi: 10.1590/s1020-49892003000800004.

Kumar SP. Micronucleus assay: a sensitive indicator for aquatic pollution. International Journal of Research in Biosciences, 2012, 1(2): 32–37.

Yen J, Donerly S, Levin ED, Linney EA. Differential acetylcholinesterase inhibition of chlorpyrifos, diazinon and parathion in larval zebrafish. Neurotoxicol. Teratol.,2011, 33: 735–741. doi: 10.1016/j.ntt.2011.10.004.

Gayr A. A Study of Pesticides and Fertilizers in Haryana, India, International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK. 2000. BMC Public Health, 2020, 20, 1877.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-09966-x

Ali D, Nagpure NS, Kumar S, Kumar R, Kushwaha B & Lakra WS. Assessment of genotoxic and mutagenic effects of chlorpyrifos in freshwater fish Channa punctatus (Bloch) using micronucleus assay and alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis, Food and Chemical Toxicology,2009, 47(3): 650–656. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2008.12.021.

Umer K, Ali M, Iqbal R, Latif A, Naeem M, Qadir S & Iqbal F. Effect of various nutrient combinations on growth and body composition of rohu (Labeorohita). African Journal of Biotechnology, 2011, 10(62): 13605-13609.doi: : 10.5897/AJB11.1682

Suryavanshi U, Sreepada RA, Ansari ZA, Nigam S & Badesab S. A study on biochemical changes in the penaeid shrimp, Metapenaeusmonoceros (Fabricius) following exposure to sublethal doses of organochlorine pesticide (endosulfan). Chemosphere, 2009, 77(11):1540-50. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.09.051

Xu J, Wu P, Jiang WD .& Liu Y. Optimal dietary protein level improved growth, disease resistance, intestinal immune and physical barrier function of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodonidella), 2016. 55:64-87. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2016.05.021.

Bradbury SP, Symonik DM, Coats JR, Atchison GJ. Toxicity of fenvalerate and its constituent isomers to the fathead minnow, Pimephalespromelas, and bluegill, Lepomismacrochirus. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1987, 38: 727-735. doi: 10.1007/BF01616693.

Narra MR, Begum G, RajenderK & Rao JV. Sub-lethal effect of chlorpyrifos on protein metabolism of the food fish Clariasbatrachusand monitoring of recovery. Toxicol. Environ. Chem,2011, 93: 1650-1658. doi.org/10.1080/02772248.2011.593520

Nair JR & Sherief PM. Acute toxicity of phenol and long-term effects on food consumption and growth of juvenile rohu Labeorohita(Ham) under tropical conditions. Asian. Fish. Sci., 1998, 10: 179-187.

Downloads

Published

2020-06-30

How to Cite

Syed, A., Mazhar, S. ., Rafi, U. ., & Hussain , D. . (2020). Effects of Chlorpyrifos on proximal characteristics of Labeo rohita fish in acute and chronic exposure: Effects of Chlorpyrifos on proximal characteristics of Labeo rohita. MARKHOR (The Journal of Zoology), 1(1), 21–24. https://doi.org/10.54393/mjz.v1i1.3

Issue

Section

Original Article