Biometrical Analysis of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Unicornis) in Laal Suhanra National Park, Pakistan

Biometrical Analysis of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros


  • Muhammad Rizwan Khan Safari Zoo, Punjab Wildlife and Parks Department, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Bushra Nisar Khan Institute of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zia Ullah Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Veterinary an Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Fakhra Nazir Capital University of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Arshia Mukhtar Institute of Zoology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Mubasher Rauf Department of Pathology, Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Muhmmad Azhar Safari Zoo, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Abida Mushtaque Center of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Rida Fatima University of Veterinary an Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan



Biometrical Analysis, One-Horned Rhinoceros, Megaherbivores, Necropsy, Threatened Species


The Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis), commonly referred to as the Indian Rhinoceros, is an endangered species inhabiting the floodplains and grasslands of the Indian subcontinent. Once abundant, the species now faces a vulnerable status in its homeland, as confirmed by the International Union for The Conservation of Nature IUCN’s assessment. Objective: To record Rhinoceros unicornis' biometric body measurements for the first time. Methods: The following study delves into the significance of body biometry data for the conservation of this remarkable species Indian One Horned Rhinoceros housed at Lal Suhanra National Park, Punjab, Pakistan. In order to give conservationists, the resources they need to develop more effective methods involving habitat management, population monitoring, and captive breeding programs, a thorough analysis of the physical characteristics, growth trends, and sexual dimorphism of 42-year-old Indian Rhinos via the evaluation of the body measurements was conducted. Results: This study presents comprehensive body measurements of the Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros which have never been published before. The length of the rhino itself spanned 143 inches, encapsulating the magnitude of this magnificent creature. These insightful observations are crucial for protecting the threatened species, particularly considering the growing threats caused by habitat loss, poaching, and the effects of climate change. Conclusions: Biometric analysis of large mammals assumes a pivotal role when designing enclosures and estimating the enclosure dimensions.


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DOI: 10.54393/mjz.v5i01.93
Published: 2024-03-31

How to Cite

Khan, M. R., Nisar Khan, B., Ullah, Z., Nazir, F., Mukhtar, A., Rauf, M., Azhar, M., Mushtaque, A., & Fatima, R. (2024). Biometrical Analysis of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Unicornis) in Laal Suhanra National Park, Pakistan: Biometrical Analysis of the Indian One Horned Rhinoceros. MARKHOR (The Journal of Zoology), 5(01), 21–26.


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