Body Composition and Fatty Acid Profile of Carps under the Influence of Ammonium Nitrate and Feed Supplementation

Body composition and fatty acid profile of carps


  • Javaria Ramzan Department of Zoology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Asif Abbas Tahir Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Rimsha Khan Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan
  • Sumaira Kulachi Department of Zoology and Fisheries, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Sajid Mahmood Department of Fisheries, Government of Punjab, Pakistan
  • Sikandar Hayat Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan



Carps, Body Composition, Fatty Acid Profile, Maize Gluten, Ammonium Nitrate


Aquaculture plays a significant role in the food requirements of an increasing population. Fertilization, composition of diet and its feeding rates affect the fish meat quality. Objectives: To observe the body composition and fatty acid profile of carps towards rice polish and maize gluten supplementation in ammonium nitrate fertilized ponds. Methods: Two earthen ponds containing total 55 fishes were selected with each pond stocked with Rohu (Labeo rohita), Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and Mori (Cirrhinus mrigala) at the final ratio of 2:1:1 respectively. Ammonium nitrate and rice polish was the feed in pond 1 while ammonium nitrate and maize gluten were the feed in pond 2. Results: Proximate analysis of fish meat samples showed that Labeo rohita showed maximum moisture contents in P1 (78.51%) and minimum in P2 (77.27%) in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. Maximum crude protein was recorded as (17.93%) in L. rohita, under P2 whereas minimum crude protein was observed in P1 (16.81%) in L. rohita. C. mrigala remained well-known with minimum fat contents (1.71%) in P2 but maximum (1.96) in Labeo rohita in P2. H. molitrix gave the major ash contents of (1.85%) in P1 as compared to other experimental fish species. Highest position of carbohydrate contents in P1 was occupied by H. molitrix. The most abundant fatty acids recovered were monounsaturated fatty acids (37%) followed by polyunsaturated fatty acids (33%) and saturated fatty acids (29%). Conclusions: The body composition and fatty acid profile of carps varies depending upon their diet and feeding rate.


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DOI: 10.54393/mjz.v4i01.69
Published: 2023-06-30

How to Cite

Ramzan, J., Abbas Tahir, M. A. ., Khan, R. ., Kulachi, S. ., Mahmood, S. ., & Hayat , S. . (2023). Body Composition and Fatty Acid Profile of Carps under the Influence of Ammonium Nitrate and Feed Supplementation: Body composition and fatty acid profile of carps. MARKHOR (The Journal of Zoology), 4(01), 27–31.



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