Effects of Reproductive Hormones in Dairy Farm Animals

Reproductive Hormones in Dairy Farm Animals


  • Maria Javed Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Maham Mazhar Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sikandar Hayat Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Asif Abbas Tahir Institute of Pure and Applied Biology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan




Reproductive Hormones, Oxytocin, Progesterone, Prostaglandin, Cattle, Sheep


Reproductive hormones are utilized in the dairy industry all over the world to improve reproductive effectiveness and, as a result, dairy cow lifespan. The management system of a farm, especially the sort of calving pattern adopted, appears to be a major determinant of variation between countries. The use of pharmaceutical goods like reproductive hormones and antibiotics in animal husbandry, notably dairy production, has been investigated in the recent decade. Consumer concern about food safety, as well as examples of pharmaceutical product misuse, has led to widespread suspicion about using antimicrobials and hormones in industrial agriculture. Hormones aren't involved in the development of resistant bacteria, yet customers are concerned about hormone residues in animal products. One of the most significant aspects of public perception in dairy farming is food safety. Despite their lack of fundamental understanding of the dairy sector, the public is concerned about using reproductive hormones in modern farming, despite the dearth of information regarding their detrimental consequences. On dairy farmed animals, we looked at the effects of oxytocin, progesterone, and prostaglandin. These reproductive hormones are used in milking animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats to boost milk production, reproductive rate, and developmental processes. 


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DOI: 10.54393/mjz.v4i02.67
Published: 2023-12-31

How to Cite

Javed, M. ., Mazhar, M. ., Hayat, S. ., & Abbas Tahir, M. A. . (2023). Effects of Reproductive Hormones in Dairy Farm Animals: Reproductive Hormones in Dairy Farm Animals. MARKHOR (The Journal of Zoology), 4(02), 18–26. https://doi.org/10.54393/mjz.v4i02.67


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