Incidence of Cestode Parasites and Assessment of Histopathological Alterations in the Intestine of Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in District Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan

Cestode Parasites in Domestic Pigeons


  • Bakhtawar Soomro Department of Zoology, Government College University, Hyderabad, Pakistan
  • Shakeel Ahmed Memon Department of Zoology, Government College University, Hyderabad, Pakistan
  • Sajida Mushtaq Deparment of Zoology, Government College Women University, Sialkot, Pakistan
  • Sadia Malik Deparment of Zoology, Government College Women University, Sialkot, Pakistan



Helminths, Cestode Parasites, Histological Alterations, Columba Livia domestica


The avian species are severely harmed by helminth parasites. Many of the parasites infected them via habitats, feeding habits, or by a few infected birds that coexist with them. Objective: To examine histological alterations caused by cestode parasites in the pigeon’s intestines in the district of Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. Methods: One hundred (100) domestic pigeons (Columba Livia domestica) were used after that pigeons were dissected and their intestines were excised. Under the dissecting microscope and magnifying glass various parts of the intestine were examined to see the presence of the cestode parasites. The (H & E) staining method was applied for histological study. Results: The cestode parasites that infected the pigeons were identified as Choanotenia infundibulum, Raillietina cesticillus, and Cotugnia digonopora. Infected Pigeons had diarrhea, weakness, emaciation, and stunted development. Histopathological alterations in the intestine of pigeons caused by Cotugnia digonopora have disfigured the villus and glands. The intestinal architecture was destroyed, villi degraded, the muscle layer had holes, and glands were distorted by Raillietina cesticillus and Choanotenia infundibulum, respectively. Conclusions: This research revealed that the pigeon’s intestine was infected with cestode parasites and had notable histological alterations as compared to non-infected pigeons. It is concluded that this study will help out in the documentation of specific parasite species and also provide a valuable understanding of the pathogenesis of infections in birds. 



Ashenafi H and Eshetu Y. Study on gastrointestinal helminths of local chickens in central Ethiopia. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire. 2004; 10: 504-7.

Hassan SA. National poultry congress and exhibition -2004, Lahore; 9-10 April 2004.

Cabodevilla X, Aebischer JN, Mougeot F, Morales MB, Arroyo B, et al. Are population changes of endangered little bustards associated with releases of red-legged partridges for hunting? A large-scale study from central Spain. European Journal of Wildlife Research. 2020 Apr; 66(2): 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s10344-020-1366-3.

Alkharigy F, El Naas A, EL Maghrbi A. Survey of parasites in domestic pigeons (Columba livia) in Tripoli, Libya. Open Veterinary Journal. 2018 Oct; 8(4): 360-6. doi: 10.4314/ovj. v8i4.2.

Njunga GR. Ecto- and haemoparasites of chickens in Malawi with emphasis on the effects of the chicken louse, Menacanthus cornutus. Master's Thesis. The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Denmark. 2003; 2.

Sayyed RS, Phulan MS, Bhatti WM, Pardeshi M, Shamsher Ali et al. Incidence of nematode parasites in commercial layers in Sawat. Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 2000; 20(2):107-8.

Mustafa K, Feride KS, Esma KK, Hatice S.C. Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in chickens in Afyonkarahisar district, Turkey. Kafkas University Veterinary Faculty Journal. 2009 Aug; 15(3): 411-6.

Dube SP, Zindi J, Mbanga, Dube C. A study of scavenging poultry gastrointestinal and ecto-parasites in rural areas of Matebeleland province, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Poultry Science. 2010; 9(9): 911-5. doi: 10.3923/ijps.2010.911.915.

Matur BM, Dawam NN, Malann YD. Gastrointestinal helminth parasites of local and exotic chickens in Gwagwalada, Abuja (FCT), Nigeria. New York Science Journal. 2002; 3(5): 91-101.

Marques SMT, Dequadros RM, Da Silva CJ, Baldo M. Parasites of pigeons (Columba livia) in urban areas of Lages, Southern Brazil. Parasitología Latinoamericana. 2007 Dec; 62(3-4): 183–7. doi: 10.4067/S0717-77122007000200014.

Haag-Wackernagel and Bircher AJ. Ectoparasites from feral pigeons affecting humans. Dermatology. 2010 Dec; 220(1): 82-92. doi: 10.1159/000266039.

Anwar AH, Shamim H, Rana AH, Shah MN, Akhtar MZ. Pathology of cestode infection in indigenous and exotic layers. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2000; 37: 1-2.

Ali M, Ibrahim R, Alahmadi S, Elshazly H. Ectoparasites and intestinal helminths of pigeons in Medina, Saudi Arabia. The Journal of Parasitology. 2020 Oct; 106(6): 721-9. doi: 10.1645/19-183.

Santos HM, Chen CC, Tsai CY, Hsish YC, Chung FC, Tyan YC, Tayo LL, Chuang KP. Influence of pigeon interferon alpha (PiIFN-α) on pigeon circovirus (PiCV) replication and cytokine expression in Columba livia. Veterinary Microbiology. 2020 Mar; 242: 108591. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2020.108591.

Harrison GJ and Lightfoot TL. Clinical Avian Medicine, (Vol. 1, 2). Palm Beach, Florida: Sphinx Publishing Inc. 2006.

Riaz S, Alam SS, Ikram A. Histopathological changes observed in the heart and gizzard of quail chicks Coturnix coturnix japonica administrated by the different levels of chrome shaving. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2006; 5(19): 1765-9.

Shaheen S, Anjum AD, Rizvi F. Clinicopathological observation of pigeons (Columba livia) suffering from newcastle disease. Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 2005 Jun; 25(1): 5-8.

Sarah L, Poynton, Mukherjee G, John D. Cestodiasis with intestinal diverticulosis in a lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 2000 Mar; 31(1): 96-99. doi: 10.1638/1042-7260(2000)031[0096:CWIDIA]2.0.CO;2.

Hayat B and Hayat CS. Incidence of intestinal parasites of chicken in Faislabad district. Pakistan Veterinary Journal. 1983; 3: 165–7.

Permin A, Esmann JB, Hoj CH, Hove T, Mukaratirwa S. Ecto-endo and haemoparasites in scavenging chickens in the Goromonzi district, Zimbabwe. Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 2002 Jul; 54(3): 213-24. doi: 10.1016/S0167-5877(02)00024-7

Aini L. Indigenous chicken production in south Asia. World's Poultry Science Journal. 1990 Mar; 46: 51-7. doi: 10.1079/WPS19900010

Dharejo AM. Trematode parasites of birds of different feeding habits of Hyderabad District, Hyderabad, Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan. Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan. 2006.

Shaikh F, Ursani TJ, Naz S, Dhiloo KH, Solangi AW. Histopathological Changes in the Intestine of Infected Pigeon (Columba livia). Naturally Infected with Helminth Parasites from Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. Science International (Lahore). 2016; 28: 5273-5.

Mahdi DS, Swadi BF, Thuwaini MM. Histopathological Changes in the Intestine of Domestic Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Naturally Infected with the Cestode Cotugnia sp. in Basrah, Southern Iraq. Biological and Applied Environmental Research. 2018 May; 2: 12-21.

Ibrahim N, Hassan E, Moawad T, Ghobashy M. Morphological and Molecular Identification of Some Intestinal Helminths Infesting the Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica) at Ismailia, Egypt. Catrina: The International Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2018 Sep; 17: 61-70. doi: 10.21608/cat.2018.14312

Kamal M, Khan W, Nisa NU, Yasmeen G, Ul Hassan H, Ullah I. Acute Raillietiniasis in Domestic Pigeon (Columba livia domestica). Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 2020; 8: 1180-3. doi: 10.17582/journal.aavs/2020/8.11.1180.1183

Sheikh TS, Masood SM, Abdul RK. The prevalence and pathology of Raillietina cesticillus in indigenous chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) in the temperate Himalayan region of Kashmir. Veterinary Archives. 2010 Mar; 80(2): 323-8.

Zubeda B, Shaikh AA, Khan MM. Prevalence and pathology of Raillietina cesticillus in the intestine of local chicken (Gallus domesticus) in Sindh. Proceedings of Parasitology. 2012; 53: 43-51.

Medjouel I and Benakhla A. Cestode parasites of chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) in the North-Eastern of Algeria. International Journal of Poultry Science. 2013; 12(11): 681-4. doi: 10.3923/ijps.2013.681.684

Eslami A, Ghaemi P, Rahbari S. Parasitic infections of free range chickens from Golestan Province Iran. Iranian Journal of Parasitology. 2009; 4(3): 1-4.



DOI: 10.54393/mjz.v5i01.91
Published: 2024-03-31

How to Cite

Soomro, B., Memon, S. A., Mushtaq, S., & Malik, S. (2024). Incidence of Cestode Parasites and Assessment of Histopathological Alterations in the Intestine of Domestic Pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in District Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan : Cestode Parasites in Domestic Pigeons . MARKHOR (The Journal of Zoology), 5(01), 45–50.